The city centre is located 511 metres above the sea level, while some neighborhoods reach the 700 metres, which makes Sarajevo one of the cities highest in Europe. Because of this long and rich history of religious diversity and coexistence, Sarajevo is known as the “Jerusalem of Europe”.
The modern city of Sarajevo was built as a fortress for the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century, and has also been the focus of international attention on several occasions throughout its history: in 1914 The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria took place, which ended up being the definitive trigger for the outbreak of the First World War.
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