Is Denmark part of North America or Europe?
Denmark joined the European Union in 1973, the same year as the United Kingdom and Ireland. Although Danish, the Faroe Islands and Greenland do not belong to the European Union. The former refuse to be part of it because of the common fisheries policy and the latter left the European Economic Community in 1985 after a referendum held in 1982.
The country shows itself attached to a Europe respectful of national specificities and does not accept without reservations the evolutions of the European construction. On June 2, 1992, the Danes rejected the Maastricht Treaty by a narrow majority (50.7% no).
The following December, the country obtained, just like the United Kingdom before it, some concessions: it does not take part in the eurozone, European citizenship, police and judicial cooperation and the common defense policy. This crisis within the Union has led to the collective acceptance of the idea of a multi-speed Europe. The amended treaty was adopted on May 18, 1993, confirming an active but partial commitment of the Danes within the EU.
In December 2015, the cooperation between the EU and Denmark in the field of police and security was put to a referendum, but more than 53% of the votes cast refused this collaboration. On June 1, 2022, the Danish government held a new referendum, this time about the country’s integration into the common security and defense policy (CSDP) – a decision motivated by the context of the war in Ukraine. This time, almost 67% of Danes approved this integration, returning to the exception obtained by Copenhagen in 1992.
Denmark has 14 seats in the European Parliament. The Danish European Commissioner is currently Margrethe Vestager, executive vice-president for a Europe prepared for the digital age as well as Commissioner for Competition. The country has held the Presidency of the Council of the EU seven times, the last time in 2012.
What country does Denmark belong to?
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