Libya is a state in Northern Africa, most of which is desert and belongs to the Sahara. Bordering the Mediterranean Sea, the country borders Tunisia, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan and Egypt. With an area of 1.76 million km2, Libya has 6.7 million inhabitants (2012).
The population is concentrated in coastal cities and in some southern oases. The capital is Tripoli (1 million inhabitants). Other cities : Benghazi (650,000 inhabitants), Misratah (386,000), Tarhuna (211,000), Al Baïda (206,000), Al Khums (302,000), etc.