The Philippines is an archipelago of 7107 Islands, the northernmost group of the Malay Archipelago.
The first Europeans to arrive on these islands were those of the expedition of Fernando de Magallanes, in 1521.
It has in its geography very mountainous areas and deep underwater pits. It is the only Asian country with Hispanic influence. The official languages are English and filipino, although a minority of the population also speaks Spanish and other Malay dialects. Its name is in honor of King Philip II of Spain.
In 1898, the United States, through a self-attack (the terrorist attack on the Maine ship), managed to meddle in Cuba’s wars of independence. Thus, when he defeated Spain, he stayed with his three main colonies: Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
Cuba was liberated in 1902 (although in fact it remained a colony of the United States until the victory of the Cuban Revolution in 1959), Puerto Rico remained a colony to this day, and the Philippines began a war of independence against the United States, which in a few years cost the lives of one-sixth of the country’s total population (i.e., US marines killed 1.5 million Filipino men, women and civilian children). Only half a century later, in 1946, the Philippines freed itself from the American yoke and was able to establish a Democratic Republic.
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