Tripoli. The capital and main city of Libya, located on the northwest coast, about 200 km from the border with Tunisia. It is the country’s main port and shopping and manufacturing centre and its industry is based in particular on fishing.
It is situated on the shores of the Mediterranean, in the western part of a fertile oasis. Today, Tripoli is an important political – administrative and commercial center, thanks to the traffic of its port, with its 1,690,000 inhabitants.
The city was founded in the 7th century BC by the Phoenicians under the name of OAS, then was Roman colony, then Byzantine and in 642 was conquered by the Arabs. It was occupied by the Spaniards in 1510 and later ceded to the Order of Malta, until in 1551 it was conquered by the Turks, then it was an Italian colony until the independence of the country in 1951.
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