The Principality of Monaco is the smallest of the sovereign states of Europe after the Vatican. It is located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, about 14 kilometers north-northeast.
The territory of the Principality, completely enclosed in the French Department of Alpes-Maritimes, is dominated to the North by the heights of La Turbie and to the West by the mountain of La Tête-de-Chien (573 m of altitude.). It is approximately 3.5 km long, ranging in width from 1 km to 1.5 km. The population is approximately 32,500 (less than 8,000 are Monegasque Nationals).
The large number of foreign residents is explained by the fact that Monaco, a tax haven, exempts them from taxes… Other reason (maybe!): the climate of Monaco is extremely mild. The winter average is 10 to 12° and the summer average 24 to 25°. The thermometer rarely drops below zero. This climate is very conducive to the cultivation of the olive tree, the Orange Tree and the lemon tree.