The Principality of Liechtenstein is a sovereign state of Europe, located between Switzerland and Vorarlberg (Austrian Tyrol), to the right of the Rhine; 160 km2; 33,987 inhabitants (East. July 2006).
It was until the dissolution of the smallest German Confederation of the German states and became independent on July 12, 1806. It comprises 11 municipalities : Balzers (4400 inhabitants), Eschen (4000 inhabitants), Gamprin (1300 inhabitants), Mauren (3700 inhabitants), Planken (370 inhabitants), Ruggell (1900 inhabitants), Schaan (5700 inhabitants), Schellenberg (1000 inhabitants), Triesen (4700 inhabitants), Triesenberg (2700 inhabitants) and Vaduz (5000 inhabitants), the capital. It is an Alpine mountain township, dominated by the Trois-Soeurs mountains (2500 m), whose waters run to the Rhine or the Samina, tributary of The ll.