Columbus. Capital of the American state of Ohio. This name was given in honor of Christopher Columbus when it was founded in 1812. It is recognized as the eighth best habitable populous city in the United States.
During the secession War, Columbus hosted the Camp Chase, the largest military base in the federal army, which housed 26,000 troops and held more than 9,000 Confederates as prisoners of war. More than 2,000 Confederate soldiers are buried there, making it one of the largest cemeteries in the north of the country.
At the end of the 19th century, Columbus developed numerous manufacturing businesses. The city became known as the” world capital of carriages”, due to the presence of more than two dozen chariot factories.
Columbus earned the nickname “The City of Arc” due to the dozens of metal arches formerly made of wood that crossed the main street during the 20th century. The arches illuminated the road and eventually were the means to provide power to the trams. The arches were replaced by lamp posts in 1914. In 2002 they were rebuilt in Short North district due to their historical interest.
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