Berlin. The capital city of the Federal Republic of Germany and one of the sixteen German Länder. It is located in the northeast of Germany, just 70 km from the border with Poland. It is crossed by the spree and Havel rivers. With a population of 3.4 million, Berlin is the most populous city in the country, as well as the fifth largest urban agglomeration among the countries of the European Union.
Founded in 1237 as Cölln, Berlin was successively capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (1701-1918), the German Empire (1871-1918), the Republic of Weimar (1919-1933) and the Third Reich (1933-1945). After the Second World War, the city was divided; the eastern part of the city became the capital of East Germany, while the region west of the city became an enclave of the Federal Republic of Germany in East Germany. It is one of the most influential cities in the political sphere of the European Union and in 2006 was elected Creative City by Unesco. In 2009 the city received the Prince of Asturias De La Concordia Award.
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