The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires, located along the southeastern coast of South America, along the Rio de La Plata. This city has a population size of 3.89 million and a metropolitan population of approximately 17 million, making it the largest in the country and the fourth largest in the Western Hemisphere.
This city is famous for its high quality of life. For example, residents of Buenos Aires have one of the highest family income levels in South America. In addition, this capital is popular with tourists, who come for the multicultural scene and European architecture.
History of the capital of Argentina
Present-day Buenos Aires was inhabited by indigenous peoples until Spanish explorers founded the city in 1536. The indigenous inhabitants defended their homes and forced the European settlers out of the region by 1542. Nearly 40 years later, Spanish colonizers returned and established a trading post. However, traders of the time were penalized by the complexity of the approved trade routes (which benefited Lima, Peru) and by the late 19th century began to promote the idea of independence from the Spanish crown.
In 1810, Buenos Aires led Argentine contemporary Argentina to the Argentine war of independence and gained freedom six years later. Buenos Aires later managed to prevent an attempted French invasions during the mid-19th century. The city’s population began to grow in the early 20th century, with rural to urban migration as individuals came to Buenos Aires in search of employment in the successful industrial sector. This capital has remained an important economic, political and Cultural Center for Argentina.
Demographics of Buenos Aires
The current population of the town proper has remained relatively unchanged since the mid-20th century, when rural-to-urban migration slowed. This limited growth has been attributed to low immigration rates and a lower than average birth rate in the city. However, this pattern has not been observed in the greater metropolitan area, which has experienced rapid population growth.
The population of Buenos Aires has a similar age structure to most urban areas throughout Europe. Almost a quarter of people in this city are over 60, while only 17% are under 15. In addition, the vast majority of residents here live in apartment buildings rather than traditional houses.
About 25% of the workforce is employed in the service sector. This is followed by 20% in the tourism and trade sectors, 17% in the financial services and business sectors, 10% in manufacturing and 6% in public administration. The city reported an 8.7% poverty rate in 2007, while the metropolitan area reported a poverty rate of 20.6%.
In terms of ethnicity, most residents of Buenos Aires are of European descent. Some of the most cited countries of origin are Italy, Spain, Germany, Scotland, Sweden, Greece and Portugal. In addition, the city is home to the largest Jewish population in South America, with a size of 250,000 people. Chinese immigrants make up the fourth largest immigrant group, many of whom came from Taiwan during the 1980s. about 61,876 individuals are of Indigenous descent. Of these, the Quechua and Guaraní peoples make up the largest percentage, accounting for 15.9% each.