Located in the northern and eastern hemispheres, Asia is the largest and most populous continent on earth. Asia shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with Europe and the Afro-Eurasia landmass with Africa and Europe. Asia covers an area of approximately 17,212,000 square miles, which is 8.7% of the Earth’s surface and 30% of the Earth’s total land area. Asia is the largest continent on earth, followed by Africa and then South America. India is the second largest country in Asia, behind China, covering approximately 3,705,407 square miles.
Asia is the most populous continent in the world, with a population of more than 4.5 billion people, representing more than 60% of the world’s population. Asia is home to two of the world’s most populous countries: China and India. India has about 1.342 billion inhabitants and is the second most populous country in the world, behind the Republic of China, with a population of over 1.388 billion. Although China is the most populous nation on earth, India has higher growth. Over the past 16 years, India’s population has increased by 33.4%, while the Chinese population has increased by 9.5%.
History of Asia
Asia had the largest economy in the world between 1 and 1800 CE, with India and China being the largest economies in the world. The legendary prosperity of ancient Indian culture and the dominant economic power of China personified Asia, attracting European colonialism, exploration and trade. The accidental discovery of India by Columbus shows the deep fascination for the continent. Asia is the birthplace of some of the world’s major religions, including Judaism, Christianity, Buddhism, islam, Taoism, Sikhism, and Confucianism. In the 20th century, the Asian continent showed economic dynamism and robust population growth, but the growth rate has slowed in recent years.
Asia is home to many language families and various Language isolates. Most Asian countries have more than one official language. There are over six hundred languages spoken in Indonesia, over eight hundred languages spoken in India, and one hundred languages spoken in the Philippines. As the most populous nation in the world, China has different languages and different dialects spoken in different provinces. Some of the Language isolates spoken in Asia include Burushaski, which is used in northern Pakistan, the Korean language isolate, with over 78 million speakers, and the Puroik language isolate.