Albany is the capital of New York and it is the cultural and economic core of the state’s Capital District. Albany was at the forefront of numerous urban developments in the United States, such as sewer lines, electricity and natural gas lines, public water lines, and infrastructure that allowed it to support a thriving industrial sector. The city embraced high technology in the 20th century.
History of the capital of New York
Albany is one of the oldest European settlements still in use from the first thirteen colonies, and it is the nation’s longest continuously chartered city. Englishman Henry Hudson claimed the region for the United Netherlands in 1606, after which Hendrick Christiaensen posted a fur trading post called Fort-Nassau in 1614. The English call the area Albany when capturing New Netherland in 1664. When the province of New York was divided in november 1, 1683, Albany was the largest, with the city of Albany as its seat. The city benefited from real estate expansion during and after the Revolutionary War, which allowed for the growth of the population. The state Chapel of New York was permanently moved to the city in 1797. Since then, the city has developed mainly in the transport, business and industrial sectors.
Geography of Albany
Albany is located about 150 miles north of New York City on the Hudson River. Albany has an area of 21.8 square miles, of which 0.4 square miles is water, and the other 21.4 square miles is land. The town borders Bethlehem to the south, Guilderland to the west, and Colonie to the north. The southern border of the town is inhabited by the Norman slays, while the northern and eastern borders are occupied by the Patroon Creek and the Hudson River, respectively. The territory of the city includes four lakes, namely Washington Park lake, Rensselaer lake, Buckingham Lake and Tivoli Lake. At 378 feet, a USGS benchmark near the Loudonville is the town’s highest natural point. The town’s landscape features rolling hills, which formerly formed the Albany Pine Bush. The ecosystem is now preserved in 6,000 acres from the first 25,000 hectares.
Population of Albany
Albany’s population over the centuries included Germans, Irish, English, Poles, Italians, and African Americans. The 2010 census reported a population of 97,856 within the municipality, while the metropolitan population was 857,592 people. About 52.3% of the population identified as white, while 27% were black or African American, 7.4% of the population was Asian, and 9.2% Latino or Hispanic of any race.
Economy of Albany
About 25% of Albany’s population works in government-related posts. Government remains one of the city’s main economic sectors, along with education and health care, and more recently, technology. These reliable sectors have taken over Albany’s economy through national recessions. Albany reported an unemployment rate of 7.8% in March 2010, compared to the 9.4% in New York state. Albany, along with the Hudson Valley and The Capital District, forms Tech Valley, which since its inception in 1998 has sought to rival other technology regions, such as Boston and Silicon Valley.
Government of Albany
The state capital of New York houses the city government and governments of Albany County and New York state. The chief executive in Albany is the mayor, whose election occurs every four years. Legislative duties in Albany are performed by the Common Council, which unites 15 members from each ward, in addition to a common council chairman. The state government operates several offices in the city.