Located on the northwest coast of the Java island, Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, and the most populous city in the country. Java island is also the most populous island in the world. The city of Jakarta is the center of Indonesia for politics, economy and culture. As of 2014, the city of Jakarta had an estimated population of over 10 million people.
Jabodetabek is the name given to the Greater Jakarta urban area. The name Jabodetabek was created by combining the syllables of the towns that make up the larger urban area. With a population of over 30 million people, according to a census done in 2010, Jabodetabek is the second largest urban settlement in the world.
The city of Jakarta is a melting pot of many cultures and communities. The main reason is that the city not only offers a potentially high standard of living, but also provides numerous business opportunities for migrants from different parts of the country.
The history of Jakarta
The city of Jakarta was initially founded in the fourth century as Sunda Kelapa. Sunda Kelapa developed as an important trading port for the Sunda Kingdom. The city was then also known as Batavia and it was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies. However, after World War II, Indonesian nationalists renamed Batavia as Jakarta after the country achieved its independence in 1946, from the Dutch. During Indonesia’s struggle for independence, the capital of the Republic was established by the Indonesian Republic in Yogyakarta.
However, Jakarta again became the capital of the country in 1950. Sukarno, the country’s founding president, had a vision of Jakarta as a major international city in the future that initiated major government-funded projects with modern architecture. The city’s infrastructure underwent a series of developments under the leadership of Lieutenant General Ali Sadikin who served as Jakarta’s governor from 1966 to 1977. The governorship of Sadikin was at the time Jakarta was declared a ‘special Capital Region’.
The geography of Jakarta
The city of Jakarta has an area of 255.4 square miles of land and 2,694 square miles of sea area. To the north of the city, specifically in Jakarta Bay, are the Thousand Islands that are part of the city’s administration. According to the Köppen climate classification system, the city has a tropical monsoon climate with a wet season that runs from October to May. As of June 2011, the city had only 10.5% open green spaces, but hopes to increase the number in the future.
Language, ethnicity and religion
In terms of language and ethnicity, Jakarta is very diverse. By 2000, the population of the town was 1.62% Malay, 3.18% Minangkabau, 3.61% Batak, 5.53% Chinese, 15.27% Sudanese, 27.65% Betawi and 35.16% Javanese. The official language of Jakarta is Bahasa Indonesia, while English is the second language. Dutch is also spoken by some elderly people in the city. Islam is the predominant religion in Jakarta with approximately 85.36% of the city’s population according to a 2010 census.
Current day Jakarta
Six companies on the Forbes Global 2000 are headquartered in the city of Jakarta as of 2017. As of 2016, Jakarta was also home to two Fortune 500 companies. The 2016 Globalization and World Cities Research Network report lists Jakarta as an Alpha Global City. The city’S GDP was estimated at US $ 321.3 billion by Brookings Institution based on the Global Metro Monitor. Among the 200 largest cities in the world, Jakarta’s economic growth ranked 34th. The city has experienced faster growth compared to other major cities such as Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Beijing.