Precipitation can be defined as various forms of water (solid or liquid) that form in the atmosphere and fall on the surface of an area. Precipitation is influenced by a number of factors, including the presence of terrain forms, proximity to water bodies, altitude, latitude, and water currents. Landforms such as mountains prevent heavy rain clouds from coming from a region and thereby cause precipitation concentration in that particular area. Wind currents from water bodies and high elevations of sea level also affect precipitation patterns.
The Ten Wettest Places In The World
Mawsynram, located in the state of Meghalaya in India, is the wettest place in the world, with an annual rainfall of 11,871 millimeters. The large volume of rain is caused by the fact that the Himalayan ranges block the Heavy flight to the north. Rainfall in the region rises to 12 meters, giving shelter to rivers and waterfalls in the area. The residents of Mawsynram have adapted to the wet conditions and never leave the house without an umbrella. The residents make basket-like covers with reeds to block the rain while working in the field. The villagers use grass as soundproofing for their huts. The drier periods in the region are considered to be between december and January, when rainfall can reach only 60 millimeters.
15 kilometers from Mawsynram is the second wettest place in the world. Cherrapunji receives an annual rainfall of 11,777 millimeters and is also located in the Indian state of Meghalaya. The region stands at 4500 feet above sea level on the Khasi Hills and receives the rainfall from the monsoon winds that travel from the Bay of Bengal. The region is characterized by the monsoon season with varying amounts of precipitation per month. During the summer season, temperatures get as high as 23 degrees Celsius and as low as seven degrees Celsius in the winter months. Perhaps Cherrapunji is especially famous for its Living Root Bridges, strong enough to hold 50 people at a time and the products of villagers ‘ bioengineering efforts.
Tutendo is found in the nation of Colombia in South America and receives an annual rainfall of 11,770 millimeters. Tutendo has two rainy seasons and has a small population, less than 1,000 people. The small number of residents in the region build houses covered with waterproof plates to prevent leakage. The city of Quibdo is located nearby and is one of the wettest cities in the world.
Cropp River, New Zealand
Cropp River is found in New Zealand and receives an annual rainfall of 11.516 millimeters. The Cropp River is 9 kilometers long. The climate is in stark contrast to the predominantly arid climate, which is characteristic of the rest of New Zealand. Cropp River recorded 1,049 millimetres of rain on december 12th-13th, 1995, the highest ever recorded in New Zealand in a 48-hour period.
Other extremely wet destinations
Other wet places in the world with respect to the amount of precipitation they receive are San Antonio de Ureca, the island of Bioko in Equatorial Guinea, which receives 10,450 millimeters of rain annually; Debundscha, Cameroon, Africa (10,299 millimeters); Big Bog, Maui, Hawaii (10,272 millimeters); Mt. Waialeale Kauai, Hawaii (9,763 millimeters); Kukui, Maui, Hawaii (9,293 millimeters) and Sichuan province, China (8,169 millimeters). Cherrapunji is a major tourist attraction. The Umchiang double-Decker Live Root Bridge and other bridges of the same nature offer spectacular attractions. Cherrapunji and Mawsynram are home to the waterfalls, caves, stone Gorges, lush green plains and ideal trekking area, making them tourist hotspots.
The Ten Wettest Places In The World
Rank Place location average annual rainfall
1 Mawsynram Meghalaya state, India 11,871 mm
2 Cherrapunji Meghalaya state, India 11,777 mm
3 Tutendo Colombia, South America 11,770 mm
4 Cropp River New Zealand 11,516 mm
5 San Antonio De URECA Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea 10,450 mm
6 Debundscha Cameroon, Africa 10,299 mm
7 Big Bog Maui, Hawaii 10,272 mm
8 Mt Waialeale Kauai, Hawaii 9763mm
9 Kukui Maui, Hawaii 9293mm
10 Emei Shan Sichuan province, China 8169mm