The population of Africa is around 1.2 billion people. The continent of Africa is synonymous with different cultures, peoples, beliefs and an abundance of Natural Resources. The majority of the African population is young, with more than 50% of the population below or at the age of 20. The population density of Africa is 30.51 people per square kilometer. Africa consists of 54 countries. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a population of 190 million people. Here is a brief overview of the ten most populous countries in Africa.
Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa with a population of about 37 million. The country has one of the youngest and fastest growing populations in the world. With an annual population growth rate of 3.61 percent, Uganda adds nearly 1.2 million people per year.
9. Algeria – 39,670,000
Algeria is located in the north of the continent. It is the largest country in Africa by land area. Much of Algeria is desert and most communities live near urban areas and along water sources. The country has about 39 million inhabitants. Algeria has an annual population growth rate of 2.11 percent. The population is expected to double by the year 2050.
8. Sudan – 40,235,000
Sudan is a North African country bordering South Sudan to the south and Egypt to the north. It is one of the most populous countries in Africa with a population of about 40 million people. Although most of the land in Sudan is arid, there are many important settlements along river banks.
7. Kenya – 45,533,000
Kenya is an East African country and the largest economy in the region. It has a population of 45 million people, which represents 3.69 percent of the Total African population. The majority of the population consists of young people under the age of 30. Kenya’s population is expected to double by the year 2040.
Tanzania is an East African country bordering the Indian Ocean to the East. It has a population of 51 million people with a vast majority consisting of young people. Tanzania has an annual population growth rate of 2.69 percent, which is one of the highest in the region. It is estimated that Tanzania’s population will double in the next 26 years.
5. South Africa-54,957,000
South Africa has a population of 54.9 million people and is the fifth largest country by population. The population is increasing by about 700,000 people each year, representing an annual change of 1.6 percent. The total population of South Africa constitutes 4.77% of the African population. South Africa is one of the most developed countries in Africa.
4. Democratic Republic Of The Congo – 77,267,000
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the second largest country in Africa by land area and the fourth largest by population. It is home to more than 77 million people. This Central African nation has seen rapid population growth over the past two decades, with the population rising from 39 million in 1992 to 66 million people in 2009. The demographics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo are one of the fastest growing populations in Africa and the world.
Egypt has a population of 89 million people and is the third largest country by population in Africa. The majority of the population lives along the Nile river and in major cities such as Cairo. The Egyptian population is about 7.68% of the African population. The country has an annual population growth rate of 2.29 percent, which means an increase of 1.8 million people per year.
Ethiopia is an Eastern, African-surrounded country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second most populous country in Africa with 103 million people. Ethiopia has one of the fastest growing populations with an annual growth rate of 2.6%. The country is home to over 80 ethnic groups of multiple origins, such as Cushitic and Afro-Asiatic.
1. Nigeria – 181,563,000
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. The 181 million people living in Nigeria account for about 15.98% of the Total African population. Each year, Nigeria’s population increases by nearly 5.5 million people. Due to population growth, Nigeria has become the 7th most populous country in the world.
1 Nigeria 181,563,000
2 Ethiopia 103,764,000
3 Egypt 89,125,000
4 Democratic Republic Of The Congo 77,267,000
5 South Africa 54,957,000
6 Tanzania 51,046,000
7 Kenya 45,533,000
8 Sudan 40,235,000
9 Algeria 39,670,000
10 Uganda 37,102,000