A landlocked country lacks a coastline or direct access to an ocean or sea. The world has a total of 43 countries on the land side, the largest of which is Kazakhstan. Landlocked countries have many advantages and disadvantages.
Landlocked countries are relatively sheltered from adverse weather effects caused by oceans such as tsunamis and hurricanes and the ability to control goods entering or leaving the country through its borders. Landlocked countries are safe from invasions by sea. However, these countries, especially developing countries, have problems in the import and export of goods, which makes them dependent on their connected neighbors. Transport costs and customs duties become expensive for the landlocked countries. To gain access to the coastline, sea-like countries are forced to maintain friendly relations with countries with coasts, even if they disagree.
10. Central African Republic –
The Central African Republic is a Central African country. AUTO is the fifth largest landlocked country with an area of 752,612 km2. CAR shares its borders with 6 countries, including Cameroon, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo and Sudan. The country has a population of 4, 422 and 000 people.
9. Afghanistan –
Afghanistan is a South Asian country with an area of 647,500 km2 and a population of 29,117,000 people. Afghanistan borders 6 countries, including Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China and Iran.
8. Zambia –
Zambia is a landlocked South African country with an area of 752,612 km2 bordering 8 countries including Zimbabwe, Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Tanzania, Mozambique and Malawi. The country has a population of 12, 935 and 000 people.
7. Bolivia –
Bolivia is a central South American country that borders 5 countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Peru. Bolivia has an area of 1,098,581 km2, making it the seventh largest landlocked country in the world and has a population of 10,907,778 people.
6. Ethiopia –
Ethiopia is a landlocked country in East Africa with an area of 1,104,300 km2 and a population of 85, 237 and 338 people. The country borders 6 countries including Sudan, Kenya, Eritrea, Djibouti, South Sudan and Somalia and is the fifth largest country in the world.
5. Mali –
Mali has an area of 1,240,192 km2, making it the fifth largest landlocked country in the world. The country is located in West Africa bordering 7 countries, including Algeria, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso and Niger. The country has a population of 14, 517 and 176 people.
4. Niger –
Niger is the fourth largest country in the world with an area of 1,267,000 km2. Niger is surrounded by 7 countries in West Africa, including Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali and Nigeria. Niger has a population of 15, 306 and 252 people.
3. Chad –
Chad is a Central African country with a total area of 1,284,000 km2, making it the third largest country on earth and a population of 10, 329 and 208 people. The country borders 6 countries, including Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria and Sudan.
2. Mongolia –
Mongolia is the second largest country on earth with an area of 1,566,500 km2. Mongolia is located in northern Asia bordering the 2 countries China and Russia. The population of the country is 3 million people.
Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked country in the world with an area of 2,724,900 km2 and the ninth largest in the world. Kazakhstan is located in Central Asia bordering 5 countries, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The country has a population of 1, 6372,000 people.
The largest landlocked countries in the world
Rank country Continent area (km2) population
1 Kazakhstan Asia 2724900 16372000
2 Mongolia Asia 1566500 3000000
3 Chad Africa 1284000 10329208
4 Niger Africa 1267000 15306252
5 Mali Africa 1240192 14517176
6 Ethiopia Africa 1104300 85237338
7 Bolivia South America 1098581 10907778
8 Zambia Africa 752612 12935000
9 Afghanistan Asia 647500 29117000
10 Central African Republic Africa 622984 4422000