Russia, which is officially called the Russian Federation, is the largest sovereign nation in the world with a total area of 17,098,242 square kilometers. It is the ninth most populous nation in the world with a population of 144 million people. Moscow is the capital of Russia, and it is one of the largest cities in the world. Other major cities in Russia are Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg. From North to south of the country, it stretches for about 4,000 km, while East to west is about 10,000 km. A president heads the state while the prime minister heads the government of Russia.
Russia has two national symbols; the flag and the emblem. The official language is Russian and the currency is the Russian Ruble. On the other hand, the main religious groups are Christianity (orthodox) and islam. There are several ethnic groups in China, including Russian, Ukrainian, Tatar, Chuvash and Bashkir. The life expectancy of men is 63 years, while that of women is 75 years. Russia is also larger than Pluto in terms of surface area.
Location of Russia
Russia crosses nine time zones and has coastal areas in the Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic oceans. The land area covers up to one tenth of the total land mass in the world. The country shares its international borders with sixteen sovereign republics of the world. 77% of the total land mass of Russia is located in Asia, while the rest is in Europe. Although this is the case, the majority of Russians live on the European side.
Russia’s population density stands at 27 people per square kilometer on the European part, while the Asian region is less populated with a population density of about 2.5 people per square kilometer. In the past, during the late 18th and 19th centuries, the question of whether Russia lies in Europe or Asia was more complicated. Russia used to have other territories in North America. It was difficult to explain where Russia lies, because it seemed to have occupied three continents. The issue of Russia owning America lasted until 1867 when Russia gave up those territories by selling them to America in the amount of 7.2 million.
There has been an argument about where the European part of Russia ends and where the Asian part begins. With many claiming that the Urals divides the two sides, others also say that the Volga draws the boundary of the two. It is therefore preferable to state that Russia is culturally and politically European, but geographically it is more Asian. As for economic development, some argue what Russia in general should lean on (whether it should be more European or more Asian). Russians have been able to incorporate both sides of the nation. Europe and Asia share the same landmass in some areas and are known as Eurasia.