Every July 4, the United States of America celebrates her birthday. The US is a federal republic, composed of 50 states, 48 of which are located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The U.S. also has a federal district, five self-governing territories, and other possessions. It is one of the most developed countries in the world and contains almost 40% of the total wealth in the world. The country is also a prominent political and cultural force internationally. But how old is the US?
History of America
The history of the United States of America dates back to the prehistory of the Native Americans and the colonial period. The people who lived in present-day America arrived in the early 1600s, mainly from England. The Spanish and French have built small settlements in Florida, along the Mississippi River, the Southwest, and the Gulf Coast. Most European settlers were farmers, and several industries began to develop within a few decades. Several towns were established along the coast to support local economies and to act as trade hubs. The colonies that made up the U.S. are established in 1732, with the colonization of Georgia by the British. All colonies had local governments with elections open to freemen. By 1770, the 13 British colonies had a population of about 2.1 million people.
Americans felt that their freedom had been suppressed by the European colonialists and the American Revolutionary War marked the first successful independence action against the colonialists. Americans developed the spirit of “Republicanism,” realizing that government rested with the will of the people, as promulgated in the local legislature. They demanded that the rights of Americans be respected and “no tax would be levied without any representation.”However, the British insisted on leading the country through parliament, which led to war. On July 2, 1776, the Lee Resolution, which was a vote for independence, was passed and led to the Declaration of independence two days later. July 4 has since been celebrated as American Independence Day.
Although July 2, 1776, marked the formal separation of the 13 colonies from British colonialists, the Declaration of Independence was officially signed on July 4, 1976. So Independence Day is also known as Fourth of July, or simply as July Fourth. The U.S. marked its first anniversary on July 4, 1777, with 13 rifle shots fired again in the morning and evening. July 4 was first recognized as a state holiday in 1781 by the Massachusetts General Court. Independence day thus became a national holiday marked by patriotic displays. On July 4, 2018, the US celebrated her 242nd birthday.