It is a communist state, which declared its independence in 1945, and formed in its present form after the meeting in 1975 of North and South Viet Nam. Administratively the country is divided today into 59 provinces (tinh) and 5 municipalities (thanh pho). A list is available on the Vienam dashboard page.
The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi (Ha Noi). Other major cities are : Ho Chi Minh city (anc. Saigon), Dan Nang, Haiphong, Rech Gia, Can Tho, My Tho, Da Lat, Nha Trang, qui Nhon and Hue. The population is 87 million people (2009at a land area of 329,560 km2.