Where is Sumatra Located?
The island of Sumatra, with an area of 473.481 km2, the largest island of Indonesia (if one takes into account only the Indonesian parts of Borneo , namely in Kalimantan, and New Guinea, West Papua.
The island is 1700 km long and lies on both sides of the equator. The volcanic chain of the Barisan mountains runs along the West Coast, the highest mountain in Sumatra is the volcano Gunung Kerinci with 3,805 m above sea level.NN. The island lies on the Pacific Ring of fire and is repeatedly struck by severe volcanic eruptions, Earth and sea quakes.
What Country is Sumatra in?
Devastating natural disasters followed the eruptions of Krakatoa in 1883 and 1930, when the volcanic island broke apart and a Tsunami wave more than 40 m high hit South Sumatra and devastated large parts of the coasts of South Sumatra and Java. The volcanoes lie on a line that runs exactly parallel to the tectonic fault line between the continental plates, which moves directly towards the west coast of Sumatra.
The biggest catastrophe, however, occurred about 74,000 years ago, when four massive eruptions of the Toba volcano buried entire areas under a thick blanket of ash, changing the climate worldwide and leaving a huge Caldera with Lake Toba in the middle.
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