Warsaw is a capital of Poland to which Sigismund III (Zygmund III) moved from Kraków the court in 1596, is one of the most important cities of Central Europe. It is the largest city in the country, with an urban population of 1,676,000 inhabitants. (in 2004); the population of the metropolitan area is 2,400,000 inhabitants. It is internationally known for having given its name to the Warsaw Pact, the Warsaw Convention, the Warsaw Treaty and the Warsaw Uprising.
It is located in the Mazovia region, at the same distance of 350 km from the Baltic Sea, which separates it from the Carpathians, and at an altitude of 100 metres above sea level. The Vistula River (Polish Wisla) crosses the city from the southeast to the northwest.