Suriname. Ancient Dutch Guiana is a state in northeastern South America , bounded to the north by The Atlantic Ocean, to the East by French Guiana , to the South by Brazil , and to the West by Guyana.
Prior to the arrival of the Europeans, the territory of Suriname today was populated by tribes of Amerindians, arawaks and Caribs. The Dutch occupied the territory in 1581 and, during the first half of the 17th century, English businessmen colonized the region. In 1667, the British ceded their share to the Dutch in exchange for the New Holland (in North America).
At the beginning of the 19th century, after the Napoleonic Wars, Great Britain officially recognized Suriname as the property of the Netherlands. Slavery was abolished in 1863, and numerous immigrants from India and Indonesia settled in the territory. In 1922, Suriname became an integral part of the territory of the Netherlands, but a new constitution adopted in 1954 gave it great autonomy within the kingdom.
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