Skopje. It is the largest city in the Republic of Macedonia and capital of the nation. It is an important political, economic, cultural and academic center that is characterized by being the most populated area in the country.
This city was founded in the 3rd century B.e.C. by the dardanians and later refounded by ancient Romanians. In ancient times, Skopje was named Scupi and was the capital of the Kingdom of Dardania. At the end of the Middle Ages it was first conquered by the Serbs in 1282 and later by the Turks in 1392, becoming an important city of the Ottoman Empire. It was transferred to Serbia after the Balkan wars between 1912 and 1913 and became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In 1929 it was renamed Yugoslavia. After World War II, the city experienced great growth
In 1963 a large part of the city, including several ancient mosques, was destroyed by an earthquake. The Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia became an independent state in 1991.
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