Lima is the political capital of the Republic of Peru. It is a city – megalopolis-located on the Central Coast, so some of its districts extend to the shores of the Pacific Ocean. It forms the largest conurban area in the country, constituted as the Metropolitan Lima region. It stands over the valleys of Three Rivers: El Chillón, El Rímac and El Lurín, which run from East to West and flood in the sea of Grau.
It was created for the West, as a small settlement of Spaniards, in a territory of the curaca Taulli Chugo, on January 18, 1535, with the name “city of Kings” in honor of the Spanish kings Carlos I of Spain and Juana I of Castile. It was the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and the largest and most important city of South America during the Spanish regime. After the independence of Spanish rule it became the capital of the nascent republic of Peru, capital that it maintains to date.
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