It is located in the center of the country, on the fertile valley of the same name, just at the confluence of the Rivers Bagmati and Vishnumati. More than 1,400,000 people live in Kathmandu, mainly of Indian origin, with the majority religion being Hinduism.
On April 25, 2015, the devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake occurred on the Richter scale. The earthquake was recorded at 06: 11 GMT, and its epicenter was located in the Lamjung district 81 km northwest of the capital, Kathmandu, and at a depth of 15 km. The number of deaths exceeded 8,700 and the total number of injuries was 20,000, not including the total number of missing persons, which amounted to 273 persons, including 80 foreigners. Most of the deceased were concentrated in the Sindhupalchowk districts, north of the Nepali capital, and in the Administrative District of Kathmandu, while others died in Nuwakot.
The Nepal National Emergency Operations Centre indicated that the earthquake completely destroyed 10,744 buildings and caused partial damage to 14,741. The irrecoverable housing stock rose from 191 000, while another 175 000 suffered serious damage. The government considered that some $ 2 billion would be required for reconstruction. The telluric movement caused widespread destruction throughout the country and extensive material damage. A significant part of the most emblematic and historic buildings of the so-called Kathmandu Valley, declared a World Heritage site, were reduced to rubble.
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