Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan, located on the Potwar plateau in the north of the country. it was built during the 1960s as a planned city to replace Karachi as the Pakistani capital, its name in Urdu means “inhabited by Islam”.
The area where Islamabad is located has historically been part of the crossroads of Punjab and the northwest border.
The rise of the city originated in 1946 when Pakistan became independent from India, resulting in hundreds of thousands of people seeking refuge in Karachi, which was the city chosen as the capital of the new country. As a result, the population grew explosively and by 1950 its population had risen from half a million to two million.
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