Lebanon is a state in western Asia (Near East) bordering the Mediterranean Sea and bordering Israel and Syria. With an area of 10,400 km2 and a population of 4.14 million (2012), its capital is Beirut (more than 3 million inhabitants for the agglomeration).
Other major cities are Tripoli (230,000), Saïda (164,000), Tyr (135,000) and Nabatiyeh (120,000). From the point of view of its administration, the country is divided into 6 governorates (mohafazat) : Beqaa, Beirut (Beirut), Lebanon North, Lebanon South, Mount Lebanon and Nabatiyeh. Two new governorates (Aakkar and Baalbek-Hermel) have been decided but are not yet implemented (in 2012).