It is bounded in the North by China (in an area here it is east contested by Pakistan and by the Himalayas here separated from Tibet and in which are enclosed Nepal and Bhutan, in the East by Burma and the Bay of Bengal, with Bangladesh here is also there as an enclave, in the South by Cape Comorin-sur-Indian Ocean, in the northwest by Pakistan. The total area is 3.3 million km2, and the population (the second largest in the world after that of China) reaches one billion and 166 million inhabitants (2009). It is a federal republic, divided into 28 States and 7 territories. Capital: New Delhi. Other major cities: Calcutta (Kolkata), Bombay (Mumbai), Delhi, Madras (Chennai), Bangalore (Bengaluru), Poona, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Ahmadabad, Patna, Agra, Benares (Varanasi), Allahabad, etc.
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