Fiji is a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, forming a sovereign state since 1970. The archipelago comprises 250 islands, of which 80 are inhabited, and stretches between 15° 47′ and 21 ° 4′ south latitude, 180° and 176° east longitude, approximately.
These islands have a total area of 18,270 km2 and a population of 906,000 (in 2006). The large ones are volcanic with limestone and sandstone shreds, the small ones are of coral origin, as well as a multitude of reefs that hinder navigation. The island of Viti Levu covers 11,760 km2, that of Vanua Levu 6,492 km2.; Then come Kandavu or Kadavu (560 km2) and Taviuni or Taveuni (560 km2).
The others are islets distributed between the Western group of Yasawa, the central group of Viti-i-loma, the Eastern group of Lau (table below). The summit of Viti-Levu reaches, in Tomanivi, 1324 m; that of Vanua Levu 750 m. the more northern island of Rotuma (Rotouma) is linked to the Fiji Islands.