The Dominican Republic, which occupies the center and east of the island of Haiti (anc. Hispaniola, Santo Domingo or Santo Domingo).
Its structure is more massive than that of its neighbor, The Republic of Haiti, on the western part of the island. The two gulfs that surround it to the South (double Bay of Neyba and of Ocoa) and to the Northeast (Bay of Samana) do not enter the land before; the massif central, which culminates in the Pico Duarte (3,175 m), isolates the various regions of the country. The area is 48,730 km2; the population is 9.2 million (2006).