Amsterdam is the official capital of the Netherlands. The city is located between the IJ bay to the North and the banks of the Amstel river to the Southeast. It was founded in the TWELFTH Century as a small fishing village. Today, however, it is the largest city in the country, and a major financial and cultural Centre at an international level.
Towards the THIRTEENTH Century Amsterdam was a fishing village. According to the legends, the city was founded by two fishermen of the northern province of Friesland, who by chance had ended up in the banks of the river Amstel in a small boat, with his dog.The traditional date of the founding of the city is the 27th day of October, in the year 1275, when the inhabitants were retired to the obligation to pay tolls, which by then were associated with the bridges Dutch. In the year 1300 was granted the rights official of the city, and from the FOURTEENTH Century Amsterdam began to flourish as a commercial centre, largely on the basis of trade with other Dutch cities, and German, known as the hanseatic League.
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